Glossary of Terms

Architectural millwork

Ready made wood products manufactured at a woodworking facility, includes doors, door frames, mouldings, cabinets etc

Base moulding

Wood moulding used at the intersection of the wall and floor

Chair rail moulding

Wood moulding used on the wall between the floor and ceiling usually 30-42” off floor. Chair rail moulding is often used where wainscote is applied to the bottom of the wall, or where walls are divided with wallpaper

Crown moulding

Wood moulding used at the intersection of the wall and ceiling.

Dimension Lumber

Wood sized to a specific width and/or length, minimizes waste and labor for end user. Also known as s4s lumber

Door casing

Wood moulding used around the door jamb to bridge gap from jamb to wall

Door jamb

The wood pc that a door is normally hung on and swings into. Usually the thickness of the wall.

Edge glued panels

Wood glued side to side to make a wide pc. Used for door panels ,table tops, etc.

Hardwood lumber

Oak, cherry, maple, etc. used for architectural millwork.

Laminated squares

Wood glued face to face to produce a square suitable for wood turnings such as balusters and newel posts

Radius moulding

moulding cut on an arch or curve to trim out an arched window or door.

Softwood Lumber

Pine, fir, cedar, etc. Used for architectural millwork and construction.

Stave core rail

The horizontal piece of wood on a panel door manufactured with a wood core with solid wood edges and veneers glued around the core. Stays very flat and straight for door construction

Stave core stile

The vertical piece of wood on a panel door manufactured with a wood core with solid wood edges and veneers glued around the core. Stays very flat and straight for door construction.

Thin sawn lumber

Lumber that is 1/8-1/2” thick , used for small projects, door veneers, and curved arch door and window jambs

Window casing

Wood moulding used around the window frame to bridge gap between window frame and wall

Wood veneer

Thin sawn or sliced real wood used for finished surfaces of furniture, doors, flooring, etc.